44 percent of germans support closing borders, 51 percent don’t believe integration will be successful, according to survey
For the international survey in 22 countries, more than 16.000 people (16-65 years old) were interviewed between 24.June and 8. July, i.E. Before the terrorist attacks in nice and gaziantep or the attacks in ansbach and wurzburg. Immigration is increasingly viewed negatively, the welcome culture briefly celebrated in germany is fading here as elsewhere. For 49 percent, there are too many refugees in their country, 40 percent advocate closing the borders, only 20 percent see positive aspects in immigration, 46 percent say immigration is changing their country in an undesirable way. A majority in almost all countries, with the exception of japan, say immigration has increased in the last 5 years, led by turkey at 96 percent, sweden, germany and south africa at over 90 percent of people.
It is understandable that the percentage of those for whom there are too many immigrants in the country is highest in turkey with 85 percent (lebanese and jordanians were not surveyed). At the same time, 6 percent of turks are the least likely to say that immigration has a positive impact. These high figures indicate that in turkey, where the government has long pursued a policy of open door, a conflict between immigrants and locals, which had previously only broken out sporadically, was allowed to build up and explode in a dangerous way in the already unstable country.
Also for 65 percent of italians, 64 percent of russians, 60 percent of belgians and 57 percent of french there are too many immigrants in the country. A majority here also say they are not satisfied with the changes brought about by immigration. In germany, which lies in the middle here, 44 percent say this, for 50 percent there are too many immigrants, but in july 2015 43 percent were already of this opinion and in 2014 already 51 or in 2011 even 53 percent. The attitude thus seems to fluctuate at a high level. The situation is similar in the other countries. In hungary, for example, the rejection of immigrants was already as high in 2011 as it is now, at 50 percent.
It is interesting that in sweden and spain, at 41 percent, in saudi arabia at 38 percent, in mexico and south korea at 30 percent, in japan at 24 percent and in brazil at 23 percent, the fewest people say they are not satisfied with the immigration-related changes in their countries. Nowhere does a majority say that immigration has had positive consequences. But in saudi arabia, india, canada, the united kingdom and australia, more than a third say that immigration has had a positive impact. Only 18 percent of germans want to see positive aspects, with turks and hungarians bringing up the rear with 6 percent each. But also only a few russians (8%), japanese (9%), mexicans and italians (10%), french and belgians (11%) can see positive aspects of immigration.
Above all, there are fears of negative consequences for jobs. Here too, turks are in the lead with 78 percent, followed by russians, sud africans and indians. In the u.S. And italy, 49 percent also have this concern, followed by sweden (25 percent), japan (26 percent) and germany (28 percent).
The turks are again the most in favor of border closure, with 64 percent. This is also the opinion of 60 percent of indians, 55 percent of hungarians and 48 percent of americans, where trump’s anti-immigration program has met with broad approval, while only 35 percent oppose a border closure. Majorities for border closure also exist in italy, france and russia. 44 percent of germans are in favor of it, 45 percent against it. Strangely, relatively few of the brexit britons are in favor, 31 percent, and 60 percent are opposed, although important aspects of the brexit supporters were the rejection of immigration and the porous borders.
For many refugees are not real refugees
The fear is everywhere that among the refugees are also terrorists. Asked if terrorists were posing as refugees to come to their country and become violent, 83 percent of turks agreed. In russia, india and hungary, the concern or mistrust is hardly lower. 71 percent of germans also agree. The spaniards have the least fear, with 16 percent.
A majority in most countries also believe that the refugees are in fact economic migrants or people who want to benefit from the welfare systems. The only exceptions are spain (30%) and sweden (28%). In germany, 52 percent see it this way. Russians are the most likely to say this, with 70 percent, followed by indians, sud africans, hungarians, poles and italians.
In the european countries, there are apparently no high expectations that most immigrants will integrate successfully into their country. However, people are particularly skeptical in japan, where just 18 percent say so. People in sud korea are also distrustful. Compared with last year, however, confidence has fallen particularly drastically by 15 percent to just 22 percent who believe in the success of integration. The situation is not much different in turkey and belgium. As many as 44 percent of hungarians are of this opinion, and in spain and great britain the figure is still more than 40 percent. In germany, 38 percent believe this, 2 percent less than in 2015.