In the united kingdom, supporters of tuition fees see themselves confirmed and would like to increase them to 10.000 euros and more
Opponents of tuition fees will not like to hear about the british experience with the increase in the annual tuition fee to up to 4,500 euros.500 euros, which was introduced last year. Although enrollment initially plummeted by 3.5 percent, this year, the universities admission service (ucas) reports, an average of 7.1 percent, and at some universities more than 10 percent, more students have enrolled than last year, setting a new record. Leading universities now want to seize the opportunity to reduce tuition to 10 percent in the next few years.000 euro to be raised annually.
For the supporters of tuition fees, the figures are a ready-made feast. They can now tell opponents that higher fees won’t keep students out and won’t jeopardize the knowledge society. Bill rammel, undersecretary of the department of education, was pleased:
These highest ever figures show that tuition fees are not putting students off applying to university as many predicted. The critics of the new system are being proven emphatically wrong.
Because no more money is expected from the state, politicians and university directors ame that the next increase will take place in 2009. The russel group, which represents 20 of the leading universities, expects tuition fees to be 10.500 euros. Others, such as adrian smith, the rector of the university of london, expect tuition fees to be around 9-10,000 euros by 2010.000 euros, which will then rise to 15,000 euros two years later.000 euros two years later.
From the increase in the number of students in the first year after the introduction of the hefty tuition fees, however, it is probably not possible to foresee whether they will not in the future deter young people who do not come from a wealthy family from studying after all. The renewed increase is also attributed to the fact that tuition fees do not have to be paid immediately, but can also be paid after graduation and from earnings of 22.000 euros per year can be paid back. Experience will have to be gained to determine whether sufficient work can be found and whether the burden will not be too great. The fact that fewer people from the lower classes will have the opportunity to advance through education may, however, be a consequence of further increases in tuition fees. This will reduce equality of opportunity and widen the gap between rich and poor, which is already widening in the uk. However, scholarships have been reintroduced that do not have to be repaid, and there are a number of scholarships and grants available at individual universities..
It is possible that the first consequences are already being felt. The freshmen have registered mainly for scientific and economic courses of study. The winners were computer science and engineering courses, but also physics, chemistry, biology and mathematics there were also more enrollments in foreign languages, especially japanese (+41%), but also german (+19.6%). So people are gearing themselves to those courses of study where there is a better chance of being able to earn good, secure money afterwards. Whether this will strengthen the intellectual foundations of a knowledge society in the long term and not rather erode them remains to be seen. For rammel, however, it is proof that the uk will remain globally competitive.
To inject more money into universities so that students can also be challenged, the british government relies on donations and foundations. Monetary donations to 75 universities are subsidized by taxpayers’ money. The outgoing prime minister tony blair wants to support this program, which is intended to encourage former students, companies or other demanders to make larger donations along the lines of the u.S., with 300 million euros. Thus, for every two donated pounds, the state added one more. Other universities to receive money to set up donation offices themselves. Unlike in the usa, former students hardly ever donate anything to their universities. However, the elite university oxford has an endowment of more than 4.6 billion euros, cambridge of about 4.2 billion euros. All other universities have only comparatively small endowments. In total, all british universities have endowment assets of 12 billion euros
Compared to harvard, which has an endowment of 20 billion euros, this is not much. Harvard received donations of almost $600 million in 2006. This will be used to fund.A. 43,600 for tuition, room and board for poorer students who have been admitted.600 for tuition, housing and fees, while students whose parents earn less than 60.000 us dollars per year, no longer have to contribute to the cost of tuition.