Germany and europe have to clearly replete in microelectronics and semiconductor manufacturing and catch up with opposite sudostasian states and the usa again. For more complex logical circuits (advanced cmos) and memory technologies games the old continent "currently almost no role anymore", monated christoph kutter, director of the fraunhofer facility for microsystems and hestkorper technologies (emft), on friday at the presentation of the position paper "hidden electronics ii" of the electrical engineering and it association vde.
China lays after
In 2014, the share of europe on this global chip market still amounted to ten percent, 2019 only eight percent, the author of the publication succeeded. Overall, europe comes with the semiconductor production exclusion to a quota of under funf percent. In contrast, the central government in beijing with the program "made in china 2025" laid a strong focus on the semiconductor industry, the production settlement is thus massively required. The chinese grabbed the power electronics and sensors with, in germany and the eu still strong.
For cutters and the vde is thus: "we need a master plan ‘electronics for europe’". So far, there are only individual programs such as the newly set up in december european dead institute for "projects of common european interest" (ipcei) microelectronics, but "no systematic procedure". The vde prasidium member pladated here for one "industrial policy without black and woman think". The state should play an important role and take money in hand, but a planned economy is not in demand.
"The game rules are not fair," there are in the chip manufacturing due to acting of governments in the "tiger states" a "stored, no free market" more, littered cutter. In europe, for example, with factories of globalfoundries in dresden and intel in ireland, there are individual islands for advanced cmos manufacturing. But it is noticeable but significantly more such production lines on site.
Lure in europe
The european officials should therefore talk to gross manufacturers in asia like tsmc from taiwan or samsung from sudkorea, so they "build at least works here", stressed the professor. Politics musse these companies "lure in europe", to keep the current know-how and production technology here in principle available. No meaning arise against it, "that the state builds factories". Whether own succinct european chip manufacturers are necessary, place "another discussion" dar.
The question of the technological sovereignty of europe just in the field of microelectronics fundamentally, it is called in the paper. Target must be to eat eating parts of the value chain "in your own country" pick up. Europe’s industry can not be relyed on the fact that the purchase of essential electronic components in global delivery always function. For electronics products sold on the european market, a certain amount of value in europe should be demanded. In november, the federal government launched a 400 million euro of heavy-sized framework program with focus on memory chips and processors.
Kutter was also available to allow coarse risks in research. Often, demand programs are only created on three years. In such a short time you can "do not make disruptive developments". When approaching offspring and corporate "we absolutely have to make sure", the scientist also emphasized. It applies in the face of the specialist commander to inspire more young people for a striking studies.
The current chip scarcity in the automotive industry brought cutter only on the edge with the semiconductor manufacturer in europe. The industry actually understands it quite well to produce properly and to keep upy parts in stock. For this you do not need european chip works. Apparently, the corona pandemic here is something messy.
In principle, the auto industry in this country has so far even one "perfectly interlocking value chain", the expert said. Suppliers such as bosch worked for the sensors with abs and electronic stabilizers "narrow" with the car farmers. The car of tomorrow will be above all a computer to get: "since we are not the strongest." who manufactures the required computer technology, was allowed to re-eat here.
Less black sees in this sector hans scots, chairman of the information technology company in the vde (itg). Beyond the current "planning crisis" enter it around the car "good with each other different industries". A global 5g organization for communication between vehicles was created from a german research project. China and sudkorea looked closely exactly where in europe the supply chains in the corona crisis are sensitive.
"High strategic meaning"
Scots clarified that microelectronics and comparable base technologies such as photonics "high strategic meaning" had. They seemed into numerous other technologies and industries from the autonomous drive via mobile communications and the artificial intelligence to the "connectivity in industry 4.0". With the trump government, however, the geopolitical context with a tangible trade war favourizes, during china co. On "technological hegemony" be off.
For the scientific director at the german research center for artificial intelligence (dfki), it is therefore unauthorized to produce security of supply in europe. "It is not about self-sufficiency or the global okosystems", underlined scots. Europe musse but green deal design, preserve participation and privacy and receive workplaces. Chipakers in europe were able to distinquate many risks here, which currently brought some a certain lumping during production in countries like taiwan.
Rough opportunities for the local business location sees the vde in the photonic electronic integration into future fields such as communication, industry 4.0 and mobilitat. On this current market for photonics worldwide, german companies around the world were about 15 percent share, reported by christian schaffer the author of another position paper on this topic. Fuf of ten network operators made research and development in germany. The race with china, japan and the us is therefore not yet identified.
Basis for growing traffic
Already until 2022, the traffic on the internet will rise according to studies mainly due to video and streaming to 4.8 delighted tabs per year, constant schaffer. Data transfer in the cloud is optically, the processing electrically. The heater: "we need a lot of changes." in every single data center of amazon, microsoft, google co. Laying one million optical compounds, about 20 million us dollars for transponders are installed. These are in turn linked with optical transmission links to the axes via glass fiber.
According to the hamburg high-frequency technician, the data transport is best about one "convergence of photonic and electronic technologies" to accomplish. In his paper he describes research on transceiver chiplets for electronic "system-in-package", "100 gigabit coherent traceiver" and kunftig terabit receiver. Optical circuits were increasingly combined with the cmos technology, which makes the gates smaller, energy-saving and faster.
Also optical signal processors with an optical circuit and an additional electronic control layer as well as microwave signal processing for 5g and 6g had coarse potential. The ability to scratch or reconfigure photons is also crucial for quantum calculator.
"We can see a very wide field of applications in five to ten years", is schaffer so sure. Gunstig for startups here designed that for that "grocery store on materials" it was notified and currently only quite small stucco numbers could be made. This is not so interesting for asian coarse manufacturers.