More and more municipalities are trying to correct the privatization wave’s degrees developments – and discover themselves again as an employer
"Private is not automatically better and cheaper", The Bremen Finanzstatsrat Dieter Mutzelburg stated in November 2008 and merged the establishment of an institution of public law on the occasion. With the help of "Real estate Bremen" Should the "Share of foreign purification in public service" be significantly reduced. But the burgerhood and state rates were also the securing of workplaces and a laceable cost reduction.
By the merger of GBI (company for Bremer Real Estate), GTM (building and technology management Bremen) and FMB (Facility Management Bremen) "Real estate Bremen" If 1.3 million euros were saved year for year, Mutzelburg expected. Finally, GBI and FMB are as "Companies with criminal liability" – Unlike an institution public law – obliged to pay the VAT. Today, the focus is on about 2.000 building and managed in addition to the town hall as well as police departments, court and bureauces as well as schools, children’s day homes and sports.
Anyone who talks about re-communalization or in a very principle of the tasks that a community inherently finances, organize and carry out, must bring some detailed pleasure, but the topic is recognizable by significant socio-political relevance.
From 1991 to 2008, the number of workers in the public service fell from 6.7 to 4.5 million. In Germany, municipal enterprises were privatized, staff released and services "outsourct", In order to relieve the households of Stadten and districts and their burgers a supposedly better, because more efficient and cost-effective service offering can be offered.
But since the mid-this decade, the trend seems to be reversed. from "Public private partnership", once "Konigsweg of structural change" praised, is not a speech in many places more and from a complete enchantation of the public ownership already equally. Instead, more and more cities and counties are on re-communalization.
The bulky term has a steep career behind and it not only to a separate Wikipedia article, but also to explained "Tender" in current political debates and on the chief days of private-sector combination. In addition, his practical impact is undoubted: Between 2006 and 2008, around 100 municipalities in Germany decided to take the previously privatized waste disposal again.
To this result, Tim Engartner, Academic Council at the Chair of Economics and Didactics of the Economic Teaching of the University of Duisburg-Essen, who examines the phanomena on behalf of the Hans-Bockler Foundation and found that it is not the city’s and counties in the waste disposal keep. The building cleaning or the energy supply is also on the wish list of the municipalities. After case studies in the corners of mountain, Aachen, Dortmund, Freiburg and the Duren district, Engartner believes that the jerking of privatized businesses and services – despite often considerable initial investments – numerous benefits for the burger and the public funds.
In the profit-oriented private companies require rather higher bonds as a city utility – although they pay lower lethothe. Municipal Energy Enrolls the circles and, on the other hand, to establish the bounds with rucks on the burger and at the same time creating more existence backing workplaces.
Legal aspects also play an important role here. The European Court of Justice commits the public clients to tenders if they want to present themselves on external or so-called macroeconomic companies. For their own businesses, this specification does not apply.
Roland Schafer, Burgermeister of the city Bergkamen and 1. Viceprasident of the German City and Municipal Foundation, confirmed the positive drawing of re-communalization commutations in a lecture last November. The 52.000 inhabitant city has privatized central areas of public space provision such as electricity, natural gas, long-distance, fresh water, strain cleaning or mull abbreviation until the beginning of the 1990s. However, the desired success remained, and in 1995 by a cooperation with the neighboring membran bonen and came first the energy supply by the purchase of the power grids and the basic state of Community city works Kamen-Bonen-Bergbahmen re-communalized.
In 2002, the construction company of the city took over the strain cleaning and could reduce the bonds by 25 percent. In 2006, the waste disposal of residual mull, biowaste, waste paper, bulky mull and green section followed – this time the emergency savings were 12 percent and waiting times could be tagged. In another step, the own city utilities should now take over the drinking water supply instead of private Gelsenwasser AG.
Engartner’s analysis shows that Bergkamen is a particularly committed pioneer of re-localization, but no individual case.
Meanwhile, larger bads like Ludwigshafen, but also economically weaker circles tolerate with private providers did not require. Now in the Uckermark a circular owner operation is taking the mullabout. The circle thus saves two million euros a year, the bonds remained constant. Also in the districts of Aachen and Duren were disposed of and gourmet delivery cheaper, the bonds fell by up to 20 percent.
The union ver.Di has also been observing the development for many years and has documented numerous cases that range from waste disposal in the countenance Soltau and Fallingbostel on building cleaning in Dortmund to Prufstatik in the Lower Sachsian state capital Hannover. ver.DI was able to determine in this context that in the course of re-localization, the situation before the privatization wave is not restored. Also the public employer feels now "Economic guide images" committed who determined the operational action. As a result, all of the municipalities were all "Rationalization reserves" spotted. Nevertheless assesses ver.di the juxtapy of the state is predominantly positive.
Recommunalation is a way to get jobs in the city and communities and create new ones. This is also ensured that for the colleagues and colleagues, the collective agreement of the public service applies that not only a legal, but with the additional supply also one "operational" Retirement provision applies. Rekommunalization means that the provision of this is further in public. Of this, the municipal policy benefits through direct influence on the service, its price and quality. And that benefits all those who did not belong to the good and very well-earning.
Bergkamen Burgermeister Scherer does not want to express the decisions of the last and a half decades as "ideological specifications" understood. In the current debate, the slogan is "Private from state" just as unfit as your counterpart "Municipality suggests Group".
Decisive for a city is to be aware of their action alternatives and to make a weighed, sustainable decision in a transparent procedure. This can not be decided on a flat-rate, but only very concretely in each individual case. However, the framework conditions – resp. Let yourself be consistent – should a municipality do not be afraid to do your very own tasks yourself or by a municipal company.
Nevertheless, the question arises according to the deeper grounds, which have made a nationwide to observable phenomena from the first local re-communalization tendencies. Tim Engartner was able to account for central factors for the financial aspect of FUNF for the financial aspect:
- "Stadtwerke has to generate any profits in contrast to the private company. The bonds must only cover the costs, so they can be lower.
- In the disposal industry, there is always the risk of underlying the plants. Private companies require a significant risk ram.
- Positive companies work more with permanently employed and qualified personnel. This allows more efficiency.
- Tax benefits play a role. The waste disposal is payable for the sovereign for regulatory provisions, so there are no value added tax.
- Cities and municipalities, which provide public tasks in our own, can renounce a costly Europe-wide tender."
Common in the commune
The debate on re-communalization is a variety of socio-political aspects, with which the scientists Silke Helfrich, Rainer Kuhlen, Wolfgang Sachs and Christian Siefkes have procured on behalf of the Boll Foundation. Its community report shows how burger initiatives, non-governmental organizations or parties in the city and communities are trying to permanently preserve Community property and prevent its enchantment due to short-term profit expectations.
In Leipzig, 90 percent of the voters of a burger of burger had provided that the stutls could not be sold to the French group of Gaz de France.
But the re-communalization, the green foundation apparently also offers starting points to correct bugs of their own mandate carriers. In Hamburg, the GAL CDU does not have – as planned – to prevent the construction of the Moorburg’s stone coal power plant, by providing its own energy supply company, which produces completely electricity from renewable energies, but at least one "public" Competition to the private provider Vattenfall can establish.
With a convincing energy-saving concept, efficient power-warm coupling and the conversion to locally available renewable energies, energy production can be jerked to those communities today, consuming electricity and warm. Radical decentralized. When energy becomes common to the community, then this means: less dependence on the energy and more possibilities, sustainable economic.
Boll Foundation: Major Report
The example of energy policy is only one of many. The authors find the authors not only in nature, but also in social units, in culture and digital space. Whether the trend towards re-communalization only the respective insight into numerous undesirable developments or is already part of a more comprehensive consciousness change with regard to the internal cohesion of civil society, is currently not considered.
Tim Engartner therefore points out that municipalities who have decided to restructure can not always expect a rapid return due to the meaning of know-how and the consequences of the economic and financial crisis.
The loss of knowledge resulting from the sale of own companies must first be made up. In addition, investment costs. And those were allowed to represent a significant hurde in view of the emergency situation of public finances, which was spared by the banking crisis.
Perspective thinking and action is therefore in demand.