The land of the last european dictator

In Belarus is chosen in December, to be expected that Lukashenko, since 1994 prassident, will continue to remain in office

At 19. December 2010 should be in Belarus or. Weibussland Prasidental elections take place. Since 1994, this office is dressed by Alexander Lukashenko, and the intensity of doing that also to do Furderhin. Although he had no longer candidate existing law in 2006 for this office afterwards, but a legislative elevation of 2004 allows further candidatures to allow Lukashenko. The said legislative emertion was accompanied by the equal switching of the Weibrussian media and a strong repression against opposition media and regime critic.

Prasident Alexander Lukashenko does not want to leave his office. Image: President.gov.by

All this seems to be repeated in the run-up to the upcoming prasidal elections: A prominent opposition journalist came under dubious circumstances, within one month, more than three dozen persons from the anti-fascist and anarchist scene were argued – allegedly because of the participation in a stop on the Russian Embassy on 30. August 2010 in Minsk and other sabotage files. At this state version, there is a rough doubt, rather prematurely, protests against Lukashenko’s renewed candidacy seem to be the real reason.

Anarchists, human rights groups and the burger opposition charter 97 agree. Belarus, a republic with 207.595 kmĀ² flat slightly more than half as coarse as the FRG, Dunn populated with almost 10 million inhabitants, of which about 2 million in the state capital of Minsk live. Despite the low population a variety of people, in which more than 100 ethnic groups live together and in which the most diverse religions are home.

Belarus is a country with a living history and also a rich (Judian) culture. Thus, the world-regenerative expressionist painter Marc Chagall (1885 – 1985) was born as Moishe Zakharovitsch Shagalov near Wisebsk in today’s Weibussland as a son of Judian parents. According to estimates, almost 10% of the German fascists murdered European Jews and Jews from the region, which today is Weibussland. The Judisch religion and culture today only plays a subordinate role.

It is also the region in which in 1986 after the Supergau in the Ukrainian atomic reactor Chernobyl, about 70 percent of the amed radioactivity. A Funftel of the land of the country was contaminated. Two million people live in contaminated areas. Cancer diseases and mortality rose sharply. According to clearance, this bearing of the atomic precipitate was because the clouds of the Russian militar with silver iodide "vaccinated" have been so that they destroy them before they reach Moscow. Russian Major Alexei Gruschin confirmed this fruit in the spring of 2007 against the British news channel BBC (why it rained to Chernobyl over Weibrussland). The consequences of the catastrophe of Chernobyl are to be traces in Belarus to today.

"People do not think about the directly affected regions", Stressed Gregor Ivanovich (Name Handed), Anarchist from Belarus, opposite Telepolis. "But at the latest when shopping, it will be up to date again: If I stand in the supermarket, and wants to buy fruits and vegetables. In no case do I grate to products from the strongly contaminated areas, and not to goods, whose origin I can not recognize."

The last dictator of Europe

Belarus has been Refugium of the President Lukashenko, the best contacts with China, North Korea, Cuba and Venezuela, as well as to Iran, and that it was offered to congratulate the Italian Minister President Silvio Berlusconi in writing for the birthday. The prasident is considered the West as "The last dictator of Europe" even if he was confirmed in 2006 with 83% of the electoral votes in office. According to reporters without limits and charter 97, however, this success was only possible because the broad mass of the population was absolutely uninformed because they only have access to the state media. It is difficult to break the power of state media through critical reporting. Opposition media were banned, critical journalists and groupings persecuted and arrested.

Media are only spread, which is relevant to the regime, otherwise you will be deleted from the list of state distribution companies Belsajusdruk and Belposcha. These are quasi the monopoly on press distribution in the Weibussland. If you get there on the black list, you remain only the possibility to bring the publications stood under the people. This leads to the fact that most of the approximately 30 state-independent media have prescribed the shallow entertainment.

Belarus is the only former Soviet Republic, which after 1990 was not fully privatized, in which a stable economy, an official unemployment rate of about 1%, an almost complete literacy and a functioning health and education system, was not complete, an official unemployment rate of about 1%,. Social achievements, which are now degraded in the course of the privatization confessed by the World Bank and International Truth Fund (IMF) stucco.

Immediately after his re-election in 2006, Lukashenko began with the sale of the country. At the end of the year, 50% of the shares in the Weibrussian energy companies Beltransgaz to the Russian group Gazprom were enchanted. That was the end of the preferred supply with raw materials from Russia and the beginning of the end of good relations between the two states. Gazprom previously increased after the acquisition of the shares in Beltransgaz, Belarus responded by challenging a toll for use of Olpipelines to Western Europe by Russia. Russia turned the cock, the Webrussen were lavishly undercooled. Unterkuhlt has since then the ratio to Russia.

Russia is currently driving a critical campaign against the once friendly Lukashenko. Thus, the Russian channel NTV produced a four-part critical documentation on the rule Lukashenko. Godbatka-4, the 4. Part of the documentation in which it is about disappeared opposition politicians allowed in Belarus on 8. October as well as the previous parts are not sent, which is why NTV short-manally made the film about the Internet, Charter 97 published all parts in YouTube. After charter 97 it seems on the 8. To be at the time of the mission of the movie to have come to DDOS attacks on providers in Belarus, so that the amption was created that the government wanted to stop watching the film on the internet.

Today, about 600 State Companies Ca. 30% of total production. In 2009, with the support of the IMF with the privatization of the FUNF stolen state companies began. Some with the privatization policy is a rapid social cutoff. According to Ivanovich, the state support for the Chernobyl victims was strongly clashed, z. B. the child sending. In addition, the support for students and seniors was proclaimed. All this leads to rough dissatisfaction and also to social protests. "Unfortunately, the demo did not come as many people as we had made it aware of", regrets Ivanovich. "For this we had to deal with Nazis, who fell to participate in our protests. We’ve not allowed that."

The energy deficit originated by the gastrand with Russia tries Belarus to compensate for good relations with Venezuela. In 2006, Hugo Chavez visited the country for the first time. That was his new species he liked "Socialists" Name because both have the same opponent: the USA, just in office been confirmed. International was Lukashenko exposed to the allegation of electoral. The opposition spoke of a wave of repression in connection with the prasidal elections, Rog reported by raids in independent media and the arrest of 26 journalists in this context. That of that "Socialists" Guided country is the only one in Europe, in which the death penalty is still practiced: According to Amnesty International, more than 160 death sentences were enforced in the period from 1997 to 2008, and in 2009 further death sentences were prompted.

New repression shaft in front of the elections

Also in the run-up to this-year prassidal elections, a state repression wave is the speech. On the 30th. August 2010 there was a Molotov cocktail attack on the Russian Embassy in Minsk. According to the letter letter of a previously unknown political group, the attack referred to the clearing of a forest area in the Moscow suburb Chimki. The forest should be sacrificed by a highway. On the other hand, there is broad protests in Russia, which of international organizations, u. a. Greenpeace, support.

This subsequent were taken as an opportunity to. September 2010 to arrest people from the anarchist and anti-fascist scene. According to Weibussian Criminal Code, it is allowed to set people for three days if they are accused of a criminal offense. Some of the detainees were released several times, before the Tur of Police Station "picked up" and restarted because of another delicate. Each in another police station, which led to that inferior and acquaintances did not know where they had stayed. Also deployment needed days to find out where their clients were stuck.

According to Valiantsin Stefanovich The Human Rights Organization Viasna is the arrests around pure willkur. "Just as well, they could be taken because of the theft of mobile phones. There are many such thieves. You were able to set each one for every concrete mobile phone theft again three days." Happow of the arrested were invited to a rehabilitation, justified those who were actively used for the freezing detainees. According to Charter 97, more than three dozen persons in this context were arrested within one month.

Also on 3. September 2010, the well-known regime critical journalist Oleg Bebenin was found dead. State posts go from suicide, which is doubted by colleagues, friends, acquaintances and political pathways. Bebenin was the justified of the opposition website Charter 97, which in the past few months were always in the visor state posts. The website had developed quickly to a forum of opposition movement due to the difficult situation of regime media.

In addition, the attention to the team of Andrej Sannikow, an opposition politician and counter candidate of Lukashenko at the upcoming prasidal elections. Sannikov said the death of quake kin’s kinken can only be clarified when it comes to the elections to a political change in Belarus. A political change also many advanced groups of social movements, from anti-fascism and environmental policy. They fight against state repression, for freedom of press and the preservation of social standards in Belarus.

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