Migration policy remains "most important political problem". The growing urgency of climate policy and environmental protection is also reflected in the survey, which also reflects signs of confident expectations
Immigration remains the most important ie in the perception of the Germans. How politics deals with the questions of migration and integration still ranks as the "Most important political problem" at the top, as reflected in the current ARD Germany trend.
Climate policy and environmental protection are the second most important political problems for those surveyed. Although the ie, which has been thrust into the public consciousness over the past six months with a sense of urgency, has become significantly more important, for 31 percent of 1.006 German citizens who were interviewed and selected as representatives, immigration policy is even more urgent at the moment. Climate policy was the number one topic for 27 percent of them.
At first sight, this is water on the mills of those who, like the AfD in the first place, mainly set out to make a name for themselves with positions on immigration, and in the climate discussion with the catchword "Hysteria and exaggeration" (without, for their part, abandoning hysterical rhetoric in their political marketing, such as the classic search for the migrant background in cases of violence).
At second glance, there is a clear trend that suggests a further increase in the importance of climate policy and environmental protection. According to the survey, perceptions have changed "Germany trend". In 2017, almost half, 47 percent, still considered immigration ies to be an urgent problem. That is now 16 percent less.
This contrasts with 18 percent more who now consider environmental and climate protection ies to be a priority. In 2017, that was a full 9 percent. Roughly speaking, one in ten people in Germany in 2017 thought that "Climate policy" important, now nearly one in three (27 percent) do.
And economic policy?
Surprisingly, economic ies are not held in such high regard. The broad topic of social injustice and the associated poverty and Hartz IV is rated as urgent by only 15 percent. It shares third place on the scale "most important political problems" with education, training and school.
The labor market is seen as the most important problem by only 7 percent. Energy policy and the energy turnaround, like mobility and transport, are also rated as the most urgent problem by only 8 percent. Pensions and questions about old-age security, on which there was also plenty of coverage arguing with concerns about the future that affect not only the elderly but also the young and their tax burdens, are seen as a priority by 13 percent.
The rankings could be explained by the fact that the majority in Germany still lives in prosperity compared to many other countries and that there is a certain confidence that this will continue to be the case. Threats, it seems from conversations and media coverage, are cited less in terms of economic policy direction than in fears associated with migration.
Confidence in the expectations for the new decade
The Germany trend reveals a somewhat surprising level of confidence when it comes to economic development. Among the "Expectations for the new decade" a full majority of 55 percent are convinced that the chances of retaining and improving their jobs will increase "tending to rise". Only 22 percent are of a different opinion.
Respondents are also rather optimistic about the development of the standard of living, albeit with a rather narrow majority. 40 percent believe that over the next ten years it will "tending to rise" will. 36 percent fear that it is more likely to fall. Digitization will change everyday life "tend to facilitate", Despite all possible warnings, 61 percent of those surveyed are convinced of this.
"German Angst" passe?
Confidence therefore prevails in the expectations for the 2020s – is the "German fear" passe? Not really, because in the survey conducted at the beginning of the year (carried out on 7. and 8. If the survey (January) covers a broader spectrum than usual, it also finds that 60 percent of Germans are worried.
The question on this is asked very roughly: "What are the conditions in Germany?" The answer: only 35 percent think they have cause for confidence. The aforementioned 60 percent assess the situation as giving cause for concern. Even among the supporters of the two future governing parties, or at least the CDU/CSU and the Greens are often regarded as such, there is currently no convincing majority who are confident about the situation. 49 percent of the Union supporters are confident, but at the same time 46 percent are worried.
The results are similar for the Grunens. 49 percent are confident, 47 percent are worried. Among SPD supporters, who have every reason to be, 57 percent are worried about conditions in Germany, among FDP supporters 63 percent, and among left-wing supporters 70 percent. This is topped by AfD supporters. However, a full 7 percent of AfD supporters believe that the situation in Germany gives cause for confidence. We would like to know the details, because the AfD mainstream is going in a completely different direction: 90 percent see cause for concern.
100 percent of AfD supporters agree that they are not satisfied with the work of the German government. While this tends to coincide with the majority of all respondents – 63 percent are "less or not at all" satisfied with the government’s work – but is unrivaled in its unequivocal disapproval. Even among left-wing supporters, there are 13 percent who are satisfied with the work of the incumbent coalition government (86 percent are not).
Remarkable, but not really surprising, is that the majority of SPD supporters, 56 percent, are not satisfied with the government either. Only 46 percent are apparently convinced that the government is doing a good job.
In general, the Germany trend reinforces a picture of disillusionment when it comes to the assessment of competencies that are expected or demanded of politicians and parties. The approval ratings here are weak, as can be seen in particular in the confidence in the governing parties’ ability to solve problems:
Confidence in government parties to find solutions to major political problems is low among Burghers. One in four citizens (24 percent) believes that the CDU/CSU is competent to solve the problem of refugees and immigration. Before the 2017 federal election, the figure was 38 percent. Only 12 percent believe the SPD is competent in this area, 8 points less than before the general election.
However, it is not the case that the opposition parties are benefiting from this, i.e. that they are being given more credit. With them, it just looks "slightly better" from. The exception is the Gruns, who are trusted by 53 percent to be competent on the topic of environmental and climate policy. Incidentally, only 14 percent of AfD members believe that they are competent in solving problems.
There were no notable movements in the Sunday survey. The concern plays out under this radar.