In the vital resource water, it has to be invested significantly more from the expert view. Although world politics have recognized the importance of water, it is called in the current world water report, which unesco has created on behalf of the united nations. But not enough consequences were drawn. It will be invested too little in water management infrastructure, water is wasted and dirty. The consequences of this policy, according to the report, also clearly the corona pandemic.
Two billion people without secure access to drinking water
The pandemic meeting worldwide the people mostly who lived in settlements or slums, writing the experts. People who are at home in these densely populated areas are often confronted with too few healthcare facilities, superfilled public transport and missing municipal services such as mullion disposal. Worldwide, after more than two billion people, the report has no access to secure drinking water. More than four billion people had no secure access to sanitar systems, more than three billion missing it on suitable hand hygiene devices.
Hand hygiene is aubert important to prevent the spread of pandemics such as covid-19. "Most households rely on the day-to-day work to keep their livelihood, and have no savings or financial buffers (…) to pay basic services such as water, sanitar supply and hygiene", it is called. Kenya’s government, for example, in the crisis instructed all water service providers to provide informal settlements and hazardous groups for three months for free with water.
Dirty water as a cause of death
Soiled water can also cause diseases. Every year, the report die more than 800.000 people of diarrhea as a result of uncertain drinking water. Lack of access to clean water and sanitar systems also focus on the pravention and treatment of frequently neglected tropical diseases such as trachoma, which can cause blindness, or schistosomiasis. This disease leads to liver and renal failure.
Water is also centrally in food production. The report consumes agriculture the large proportion of global sub-water resources. The environmental organization wwf warns that for cultivation regions of fruit and vegetables popular in germany threatens a water scarcity. According to an analysis of the organization, potato fields in egypt and avocadopplants in chile and peru could be particularly affected. Banana plantations in latin america, however, had to fight with excess floods. If you go from a pessimistic scenario, banana graufenbieten in ecuador and colombia could be flooded by 2050 times perflow.
The un report demands that the basic value of water is recognized and measured must be measured. Only so he can be involved in political decisions. The water management infrastructure serves the storage and transportation of water and have gross social and economic benefits, the experts write the experts. The crucial role of water in households, schools, health care or workplace will look too often. "Access to both water and sanitary facilities is a human right."
Unlike other resources, it is difficult to "true value of the water" determine. Therefore, water in many parts of the world do not get enough attention – accordingly in investments. Consequences are inequalities and a non-sustainable use of the prirdhead. The authors of the report are looking for the value of water with new methods. It requires holistic approaches of evaluation, as the pure relationship between price and value of the water is not meaningful. "In some ways, the value of the water is infinite, as life does not exist without it and there is no substitute for it."