Sand robber from Indian rivers and a deedless government with dangerous dreams. Photo: Gilbert Colonko
Once a year, India reminds that the catastrophe is already there. It is self-responsible for the coarse part
That it is heated in India and the asphalt melts, this summer only generated headlines in a few German media, because that’s it around this time every year.
For this, the Sudative metropolis of Chennai made it into the news. There, the water for the 10 million residents is now by train from the neighboring state of Kerala, because their own water reserves are used up.
The fact that the monsoon in Chennai arrives at Spat in Chennai also contributes to the water problem, but the local water crisis also mainly causes local causes: which formerly about 200 square kilometers extending wetlands in front of the towns of the city had shrunk until 1980 ‘moderately’ A flat of 186.3 km². Today, they only have 15 percent of their former rough, as a study of Carearth Trust points up.
The main foundation is the boom of IT companies in the Suden of Chennai and generally the growth of the real estate market. So 35 percent of the water for the growing population Chennais from 235 kilometers distant Veeranam lake is pushed. In addition, massive groundwater is tapped. Due to the compaction of the metropolis, the groundwater ratchet did not regain again and were allowed to be completely empty in the near future.
"Learns from our mistakes"
In 2015, it came in Chennai through strong rain to coarse survivors. As early as the wetlands with their lakes and run a rough part of the water, thus lighed the flutschenaden and acted as storage.
Already after half an hour rain are Indian bads because of sealing the soil and clogged gullis under water. Photo: Gilbert Colonko
Today, those responsible do not even take the opportunity to use greater quantities of rainwater. Although efforts are being made in Chennai since 2001 to store rainwater, so far the government does not manage to control compliance with newly created laws, such as building regulations. Thus, although water is stored in mandatory parts of water, it remains unsystematic.
"The Government of Tamil Nadu needs a water plan for the federal state and for Chennai", says dr. Avilash Roul from Indian Institute of Technology (Iit) from Chennai to Telepolis and continue: "Chennai needs 1 every day.200 million liters of water. But the government can only deliver 550 million liters. In 2030 Chennai will even be 2.100 million liters per day."
Then Roul explains why the government finally had to share her collected water data with the public:
Many different organizations try to loose the water crisis. In the small the German GIZ or the Hollandic Government, which itself exports some water projects. The IIT Institute also tries to contribute its part to the solution, although it itself has problems and there is not enough water on his campus. But so that these projects do not with those of the Gross Player, who collides various development banks, it needs a total plan of the government.
Avilash Roul, Indian Institute of Technology
Roul warns to regain the wetlands Chennais Stucke for Stuck and gives the state of West-Bengal advice: "Learns from our mistakes and stops destroying the wetlands in Kolkata", In order to emphasize that not only Chennai requires a plan for the watering of the water crisis, but the whole country.
The youngest national water plan for India dates back to 2012.
There is also a plan in West Bengal. As reported several times on Telepolis, Kolkata is sacrificed every day another stucco of wetlands sacrificed economic growth. This although the wetlands of the capital West Bengalens clean the wastewater of millions of people and moderate the climate.
According to a study of the World Bank, Kolkata will be one of ten city in the future, which will get the consequences of the climate crisis most to traces – and the authors even arise that the poor suffer the most underneath.
2030: 40 percent of the population have no access to drinking water anymore
But not only in Bengal or Tamil Nadu, those responsible have closed his eyes for years; 21 Indian bads should go out until 2020 the groundwater, including the capital of New Delhi, says a study of the government-related Thinktthanks Niti Aayog. The study predicts, in 2030, 40 percent of Indian population no longer have access to drinking water.
"We get what we earn", If the activist Pratip Nag explains Kolkata:
India is not a country innocent, reading and writing non-native – in the coarse dates 90 percent of the population are alphabetized. But precisely this allegedly educated heavy daily from the emerging middle class are, which only interests its own progress, consumption and the taction of luxury gutters. Two months ago, they have re-elected a man to the Prime Minister who has nothing to offer overpopulism and nationalism.
Nag Fugt, Narendra Modi did not help to stop the pollution of the river or air or to tackle another of the elementary problems of India and calls as an example for that India has been the highest number of unemployed for 47 years.
The Yamuna River in Delhi. Photo: Gilbert Colonko
Also a look to New Delhi shows what Nag says. There, the AAM AADMI Party (AAP), which was built in 2012 from an anti-corruption movement and win three years later 67 of 70 seats in the city parliament. Meanwhile, more and more granddaughters are responsible for the AAP for this that Delhi goes out the water and the river of the capital, the Yamuna, still a Kloake is.
But the central government is stateful for both. Even in terms of air pollution, no government of Delhis has ever tried as much as the AAP. She prohibited for the lights festival Diwali, while the entire metropolis for days in smoke swing to be saluted, the sale of fireworks. During the week, vehicles can only drive in day-to-day change to Delhi’s straws, according to odd or straight initial number on their license plate.
Old dieselasters have not been left in the city since 2017, working on construction sites have been set. The AAP does not encourage the fact that every year in November the farmers in the surrounding Bundestates Punjab and Haryana burn the stubble on their fields and delhi is soaked by a smoke cloud. The farmers can not afford to dispose of the ability of the plants to an environmentally friendly way.
Thus, the Wahler Delhis had actually had to absorb the Central Government in the 2019 parliamentary elections, instead won Modis Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in Delhi all seven seats. That India’s Wahler did not influence facts, also showed a study by the Ministry of the Environment; After four modes years the ganges was in many places dirty than 2014.
In the future, such water studies will probably no longer exist, because the Ministry of the Environment had to transfer the supervision of the river to the water ministry. This has been renamed in the 2019 parliamentary election in Jal-Shakti Ministry and is now planning the largest watering infrastructure program of the Earth – the networking of rivers and water reservoirs throughout India.