Electronic wall of protection for the entire Mediterranean coast and a "European border police"
Spain announces extension of electronic border wall to entire Mediterranean coast after auberge regulation of immigrants. France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy and Spain want to establish a joint "European border police" build. France’s "Paperless" oppose the cooperation "War Machine", who were involved in the "action plan against illegal immigration" Mean.
It was not a coincidence that the Spanish Guardia Civil announced the extension of the electronic protective wall (Sive) on Wednesday (Electronic protective wall against immigrants). It happened at the beginning of a seminar in the Spanish city of Alicante, attended by representatives of 22 European countries and Europol. The meeting was held under the motto: "cooperation of maritime police and customs units". On this occasion, the Guardia Civil officer Francisco DIez Ticio announced the imminent extension of the protective wall to the entire Mediterranean coastline. The system in use in Spain consists of a combination of radar and various camera systems and other sensors for the early detection of boats (Fortress Europe: Example Spain).
Sive mobile surveillance system. Image: Guardia Civil
The project is a reaction to the experience that Sive does not limit so-called illegal immigration, but only diverts the flows. So the boats take ever longer routes and risks to reach the promised Europe. In any case, the drug and human smugglers are always one step ahead and now use larger vessels to land on the northern coast or further south near the border with Portugal. It was only off the coast that people were distributed among smaller boats, Ticio actually acknowledged the failure of the foreclosure attempt.
But with the announcement, Spain wanted to pre-empt the criticism it has received from many states since the regulation of immigrants. This was completed at the end of last week. After several softenings of the criteria for applying for valid residence papers, the government’s target of over 600.000 applications received (residence permits, deportation and foreclosure). Before the G5 summit of interior ministers in Paris on Thursday, Madrid wanted to show that Spain actively opposes illegal immigration and seeks international cooperation.
At the invitation of French Interior Minister Dominique de Villepin, German counterpart Otto Schily (SPD), Jose-Antonio Alonso (Spain), Charles Clarke (Great Britain) and Giuseppe Pisanu (Italy) traveled to Paris to coordinate their efforts in the fight against illegal immigration. Was decided, "a common European unit for border intervention" which Villepin considers to be "Embryo of a European border police force" referred to. In addition to better coordination on immigration ies, common criteria for legalization and access to social systems are to be created. The five Maghreb states (Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Libya and Mauritania) are also to receive financial aid and serve as EU outposts, so to speak.
The criticism of the regulation in the EU "not coordinated Mabnahme" the Spaniard Alonso countered by pointing out that the regulation in Spain "will not affect the labor market of other countries". Schily had initially suspected that those with papers would be drawn to Germany. This criticism now also came from Villepin, who strictly rejects a similar regulation in France. In fact, it was the other way around, as Telepolis has noted in recent weeks. Hundreds of immigrants have made their way to Spain from France. In the hope of finally obtaining a regular status, they had 8.000 euros paid to gangs of traffickers. When they reach their destinations, they were given papers there, explained Pakistani Mohamed Shahzad Telepolis. With more than 200 compatriots he had been picked up by the Spanish police and handed over to the French police at the border. Shahzad lived in Paris for five years and took the risk because he did not expect a solution to his problem in France.
Action plan against illegal immigration
Paris is taking a different direction. On Wednesday, Villepin had presented his "Action plan against illegal immigration" presented. "Against illegal immigration the principle of firmness applies", he said yesterday in an interview with the newspaper Figaro. His plan foresees the creation of a central "Immigration service" and its own immigration police before. In addition, there should be a stronger control of marriages and increased deportations.
The Immigration Service is to coordinate all the administrative departments concerned in the Ministries of Interior, Justice, Social Affairs and Auben. The new immigration police will be composed mainly of officers from the Air and Border Police (PAF), which will be increased by 600 men. "It will deal exclusively with the detection of traffickers and the deportation of illegal immigrants", said Villepin. In 2003, about 11.000 people deported, last year already 16.000. "My goal is to deport 20.000 to be reached." In addition, a "central office to combat undeclared work" The French consulates are to ie visas only with biometric information.
These measures are strongly criticized by trade unions, left-wing parties and intellectuals. The newspaper Liberation calls these measures a "step in the right direction" "Attack on the fundamental rights of all". It is related to the referendum on the EU treaty on the 29th of December. May, with which the government tried to appease the fears of many French people on the eve of the vote. Especially on the right, they don’t want to lose any more votes (France before the No vote on the European treaty)?).
Le Monde also polemicizes sharply against these restrictive measures, and in the Nouvel Observateur, Pierre Henry, president of the human rights organization France terre d’asile, speaks of the de facto abolition of the right of asylum and the fact that the government is putting hundreds of thousands of people in "lawless space" force. Against this "War machinery", as the "Movement against racism and for friendship between people" (MRAP), a number of organizations, political parties and trade unions have joined the call for action "Paperless" (sans papiers) joined a demonstration in Paris on Saturday.